Learning Outcomes: Describe the unique characteristic of multi-turn valves; identify the two most predominant multi-turn valve designs; identify the sole function of a gate valve, recognize the primary components of a gate valve; identify two common gate valve configurations; identify the main application for globe valves; and the primary components of a globe valve.
Amine gas treating, also known as amine scrubbing, gas sweeting and acid gas removal refers to a group of processes that use aqueous solutions of various alkylamines (commonly referred to as amines) to remove hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide from gases. This module discusses the amine process, its equipment and the filtration requirements that improve the efficiency of the process.
Learning Outcomes: Describe the characteristics of the plug valve and two different types of plug valves; Describe the characteristics of ball valves, their characteristics and types and the materials that make up ball valves; Describe the characteristics of butterfly valves, styles and end connections
The cat reforming process converts petroleum naphtha to high-octane gasoline pool components. These high-octane gasoline pool components are mainly branched and aromatic hydrocarbons, which are less prone to ignite prematurely in internal combustion engines. In this module, you will recognize that refineries have different equipment configurations for the Cat Reformer.
Learning Outcomes: Learn about the valves that use actuators, the characteristics of the 4 main types of actuators; the characteristics of the actuator manual override valves; state the features of smart digital valve positioners; describe what a valve positioner cannot do and identify a top mounted jackscrew manual override valve.
The Alkylation Unit is a secondary refinery unit operation that many refineries in the Western Region have because it adds high octane hydrocarbons to motor and aviation fuel. High octane hydrocarbons are needed to help prevent auto-ignition of gasoline (knocking) in an engine and to meet recommended engine octane ratings. In this module you will learn about the Alkylation Process and be able to describe where filtration systems can improve the efficiency in the Alkylation Process and the issues that filtration systems can address.
Learning Outcomes: Explain the meaning of the valve flow coefficient, Cv; explain the meaning of the several seat leakage classes; identify the major components of control valves.
Rotating equipment includes pumps, motors, compressors and pillow block bearings which represent key refinery components that without proper planning can become a refinery’s Achilles heel.
Learning Outcomes: Identify the five most popular control valve types and their configurations, explain what Cv is; name the different parts of a control valve; discuss the different characteristics of the globe control valves, eccentric rotary plug valves, ball valves and high performance butterfly valves.
Refineries are being forced to use a more advanced water treatment and water recovery methods due to rising crude prices and the depleting quality of crude. For these reasons and the fact that the level of wastewater pollutants in petroleum wastewater is at a new high, robust processes are needed that work well under a variety of conditions and can handle the changing effluent flow rates. This course will discuss these processes and their filtration needs.
Learning Objectives: Discuss some of the things that need to be considered when deciding which control valve is the best choice for a particular applicatio
Learning Outcomes: Understand the terminology used in filtration technology; articulate what functions a filter plays and how filters work; state the seven materials of filter construction, name the parts of a cross section of a filter cartridge and a filter pack; become acquainted with the suppliers and markets served in filtration.
Learning Outcomes: Name three mechanisms of filtration; understand the terms direct interception; inertial impaction and diffusional interception. Define what happens during direct interception, inertial impaction and diffusional interception; name three things that aid liquid filtration.
Learning Outcomes: Name two types of filter media; discuss filter media design and features; state the importance of fixed and non-fixed pores; understand differential pressure as it relates to filters.
Learning Outcomes: Understand the importance of measuring flow; define flow measurement; describe the properties of liquids and gases; calculate and measure units of flow; describe the difference between volumetric and mass flow rates; and recognize the general characteristics of various flow measurement devices.
Learning Outcomes: Demonstrate how to select a filter and housing using an application data sheet; describe the information needed to provide a filter cartridge and housing quote; Determine chemical compatibility of a filter cartridge and housing and select a filter and housing manufacturer appropriate for the application.
Learning Outcomes: Discuss key selection criteria for flowmeters; describe two methods used to classify flowmeters; define various flowmeter performance criteria; discuss the operation, application, advantages/disadvantages of various types of flowmeters; utilize a selection chart to determine the best flowmeter for a given application or media.
Learning Outcomes: This course covers the various aspects of fugitive emissions for oil refineries including: Sources of emissions in a refinery; Regulations in four states; Cost of regulatory compliance; Most common processes in a refinery including valve placement & filter placement (where applicable); Also provides a foundational knowledge of a refinery.
Learning Outcomes: Discuss the role of various components in flow and process control; name four types of control valves; describe a function and role of a simple pressure relief vale; use STAMP/FIMOPT models to select required flow components.
Learning Objectives: explain why a heat trace system is important; name the five components that make up a heat trace system; describe the different types of heat trace cable and know what type of cable to use for each application; understand what three accessory kits will be needed for a heating cable installation, the parts in each kit and how they are to be used; describe the difference between a GFEPD and a GFCI
Learning Objectives: Describe the four pressure scales, recognize various units of pressure measurement; describe the characteristics, properties and differences between liquids and gases; discuss the relevance of Boyle's law and Charles' law in pressure measurement and regulation.
Metering pumps are used in water treatment plants, chemical processing plants, laboratory dispensing and even in the medical device industry. This course gives all the basics on how a metering pump works, different types of metering pumps, control mechanisms, preventative maintenance on metering pumps and more.
Learning Objectives: Name the types of pressure sensors and transmitter designs, state the difference between the different types of Bourdon tubes; articulate the difference between mechanical pressure elements and the electrical pressure elements; state the differences between a transmitter and a transducer; understand vacuum measurement and how it relates to pressure; know when to choose between the low pressure measurement device and the high pressure measurement device for a given application.
Learning Outcomes: Identify four hydrocracking processes and identify their equipment layouts; Recognize why hydrogen is added to the hydrocracking Process; Explain how Catalytic cracking is different from the hydrocracking process; Name three places in the hydrocracking process where filtration can help; List three of the main process issues and describe how filtration con mitigate those issues.
Learning Objectives: Describe the different types of regulators and common uses; explain the difference between a two stage regulator; discuss common regulator terms and concepts; and discuss regulator selection factions
Hydrotreaters are the most common process in petroleum refineries. In more than 700 refineries around the world that are more than 1300 hydrotreating units. Typically a refinery will have at least 3 hydrotreaters, one for naphtha, one for light gas oil and one for heavy gas oil and or vacuum gas oil. For the hydrotreating units, product specifications are set to meet plant wide objectives. This course discusses the Hydrotreating process variations and where filtration systems can improve the efficiency in the process.
Learning Outcomes: Describe the two different types of level measurement; use level measurement sensor selection questions to choose the right sensor; discuss the relevance of the Archimedes principle and the principle of buoyancy; describe the appropriate instrument for a given application.
Fluid catalytic cracking, better known as FCC processes produce high octane gasoline, a range of gas oils, lube extracts, deasphalted oils, and gas oil feedstocks. The FCC also converts gas oil & residue feedstocks into higher value products. This course discusses the FCC process variations and where filtration systems can improve the efficiency in the process.